Scrum is a framework for complex product development and the Product Owner is responsible for maximizing the value of the product as a result of the work performed by the Development Team. A Product Owner, is a role defined in Scrum and the role exists in Scrum to have one person with a clear accountability of WHAT product or service will be built. Furthermore, the Product Owner role is also used as a title outside Scrum, in other frameworks, but if you want to know the definition of the roles & responsibilities of a Product Owner, you have to understand it in the scope of a Scrum Team.
What is the job profile of a Product Owner?
The Product Owner role in Scrum is a varied role, with a tactical, strategical and operational aspect. The Product Owner role is critical as the role is kept by one person (and one person only) for a specific product. Having one person holding the role simplifies the accountability in terms of having single spokesperson for product ownership & accountability of maximizing value. But this doesn’t mean that all activities are to be done by the Product Owner only; otherwise the Product Owner could probably become a bottleneck. It is fair to say, the Product Owner does remain accountable at all times.
But, to be able to do the job, the Product Owner is expected to have business (domain) knowledge, affinity with end users, affinity with development (activities needed to deliver a piece of value) & knowledge of how to do agile product management. Furthermore, Product management is a multi-disciplinary job and it requires to understand, empathize, quickly inspect and adapt, every time with the accountability to make the right choices in terms of what to build next, in order to continuously & incrementally deliver value to end-users.
In order to understand what kind of profile is needed to fulfil the product owner role, it is valuable to know what skills are required and what activities to be performed. Scrum Product owner is a high-profile role which requires a variety of “soft” skills & demonstrable business experience. Furthermore, the application leaders responsible for agile product delivery must select product owners carefully to maximize business value & achieve desired outcomes and they also require Product Owners to Care About the Entire Application Life Cycle.
It is always recommended that when looking for a Product Owner, you should look for a profile with generic product management skills & product-specific skills because the generic skills are needed to be able make decisions on a strategic & tactical level. You may also like go through scrum project management